Your Amazing Eyes!

You carry around a pair of cameras in your head so incredible they can work in bright sunshine or at night. Only 2.5cm in diameter, they can bring you the image of a tiny ant or a twinkling star trillions of kilometres away. They can change focus almost instantly and stay focused even when you’re shaking your head around. These cameras are your eyes...




Eye-Popping Fact ONE: A crucial part of your eyes is as flimsy as a wet tissue! 


A fly darts towards your head! Light bounces off the insect and enters your eye’s cornea, a clear covering over your eye. The light passes through your pupil, the black circle in the centre of the iris, to the lens. The lens focuses the light onto your retina - a thin but vital lining on the back of your eye that is as flimsy as a wet tissue. Your retina acts like camera film, capturing the picture of the fly. This image is sent to the brain, which instantly tells you to - duck!



Eye-Popping Fact TWO: You blink more than 10,000 times a day!


Your sight is incredibly important , so your body has ways to protect your eyes. Each eye sits on a cushion of fat, surrounded by protective bone. Your eyebrows prevent sweat dripping into your eyes, while eyelashes keep dust and other particles out. The eyelids act as windscreen wipers, spreading tear fluid with every blink to keep your eyes moist and wash away bacteria. You blink more than 10,000 times a day! And if anything gets too close, your eyelids slam shut with amazing speed. How fast does this happen? In the blink of an eye - about 2/5 of a second!


Diagram of the human eye


Eye-popping Fact THREE: Your eyes adjust in milliseconds to ANY movement of your head!


You bounce your eyes around all the time. Even when you’re not running or jumping, your head doesn’t stay still. Why isn't everything a blur when you're moving? The eyes automatically adjust to the movement of your head with great speed and precision. They’re good at following a moving object, and even better at adjusting to the motion of your head. Test it: Keeping your head still, hold up your hand about 30cm away, and quickly move it back and forth. As fast as your eyes are, your fingers  become blurry. Now keep your hand still and move your head back and forth. Amazingly, your fingers stay in focus!


The human eye


Eye-Popping Fact FOUR: Your eyes see everything upside down and backward!


Your eyes are amazing, but the images they send to your brain are a little quirky - they’re upside down, backward and two-dimensional! Lucky for you, the cameras in your head come with an impressive software package - your brain - that can fix these problems. The brain automatically flips the images from your retinas right side up and combines the images from each eye into a three-dimensional picture.

There is a small area of each retina, called a blind spot, that can’t record what you’re seeing. Your brain makes adjustments for this, too. But sometimes it can be fooled! Check it out - hold the tips of your two index fingers together, about 15cm in front of your eyes. Now separate them slightly and look past them at something in the distance. A floating finger that looks like a sausage appears between your fingers. You just fooled your brain into seeing something that isn’t there!



Eye-Popping Fact FIVE! Your pupils change size whenever the light changes!


Your black pupils may be small but they have an important job - they grow or shrink to allow just the right amount of light to enter your eyes to let you see. Try this: Go into a windowless room, turn off the light and close the door so there is just enough light to see the pupils in your eyes in the mirror. Your pupils will be far larger than usual, having grown to their maximum size to capture as much light as possible. Now, turn on the light while still watching your pupils. You’ll see them shrink to a small dot almost immediately - right before your very, um...eyes!




Your Comments

ALIXANDER
COOL
bjvjhcnb
i tried the eksperemant and it was true
bjvjhcnb
x
rainbw3573
Eye think this is AMAZING!It is brilliant fact's.
JaniceECorkey1947
As always, Natinal Geographic has the most interesting and mind blowing information for our brains that are always looking for more to learn. Thank you NG for all your hard work finding interesting subjects.
Celine
Ya that's so cool
Gecko_lover_XD
WOW
Cherokee
Best
Aquila
hey this is so awesome I love science and genes and lots of eyes etc.
COOLCID 555
I LIKE TO SNIFF CHEESE!
PengiunMaster42
Weird
turtlegrowl
double loooooool!!!!!!
Ciya
weird!
arwen
lol
hanna234567890-
this has really heped me however i use this website to help me with my homework it is just incredible
hanna234567890-
wow
crazycreature
wow that's extra awesome! i did not know that i can blink so many times in one day! I've also wondered about the purpose of it. thanks loaads!
meli
super cool!
mel
very cooolll! very interesting
Azabee
IIIIINNNNNCCCCCRRRREEDDDIIIBBBLLLEEE!!!!! How can you see the world if you see it backwards and upside down?!
Azabee
Incredible! How Interesting! Check out the brain facts! ; )
Sheena
That cool!!! I have massive eyes!!! Sooooooooo interesting!!!
111
it really cool i think it is a great web page
whirlwind
woooooooooooooooooooooooow!!!
destiny_ m_ salazar
hi itz awesome
yassy
i find this very interesting as i am learning allot about things like this in school
Lilly
Awesome facts! Love them
isaiah
this website is soooooocooooooooooooooooool!
Joe22
You also know when your eye catch light your pupils shink and is the opposite of it when it's dark
Natasha
Amazing facts
ollie
pretty cool
ELEPHANT_WORLD-123
OMG THIS IS AMAZ I DIDDNT KNOW THAT.... AWESOME SITE :)
Epicbackflip
Wow! Did you know that the brain controls your eyes! Amazing, right?
paola
amazing
liz
gross but cool
jaide
ammazing!!!!!!!! :-) happy face !!!!!!!!!!
Hattie
So fascinating facts about the eyes

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